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No excuse for dishonesty

会看病的不如会写论文的?

中文 英文 双语 2017-05-08    来源:21世纪学生英文报-高中版      阅读数:34749
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导读:近日,我国107篇医学论文因涉嫌学术造假,被德国权威出版社施普林格·自然从期刊上撤下。这一事件也引发了众人对于我国学术评估体系的反思。难道,做一千台手术就比不上发表一篇论文吗?
You are writing a paper and need to use some information to support your ideas, but you plan to make it up by yourself. You should think twice before doing this – you may be on your way to academic dishonesty.
你要写一篇论文,就需要用一些信息来支撑你的观点。然而,你却打算自行编造这些信息。这么做之前你可得三思 —— 因为你或许要构成学术失信。
On April 21, German publishing house Springer Nature announced that it took back 107 papers from its medical journal Tumor Biology because of academic dishonesty – a form of cheating which includes copying others’ work or making up references. All of the papers were from Chinese writers, according to The Beijing News. Some of them even study at top Chinese medical research centers, such as Huashan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University and Peking Union Medical College Hospital.
4月21日,德国出版社施普林格•自然宣布将撤下医学期刊《肿瘤生物学》上的107篇论文,原因是学术失信 —— 这是学术欺诈形式之一,包括抄袭他人作品、编造参考文献等行为。据《新京报》报道,所有被撤下的文章均由中国作者所撰写。其中一些作者甚至还在国内顶尖医学研究中心进行研究,如复旦大学附属华山医院以及北京协和医院等。
The papers were taken back as they gave fake peer reviews, an important part of published papers. Peer reviewing is when work is reviewed by experts to make sure it’s correct before being submitted for publication. Springer Nature discovered that the email addresses used by the recalled papers’ peer reviewers were fake.
这些论文被撤回的原因是同行评议造假,这也是刊载论文很重要的一部分。同行评议即该文章需经过专家评审,以确保文章在上交出版时准确无误。施普林格•自然发现,在被撤回的论文中,同行评审人的邮箱地址是假的。
According to Hu Xingdou, a professor at the Beijing Institute of Technology, China’s academic evaluation system may be the reason for the high level of dishonest work.
北京理工大学教授胡星斗表示,中国的学术评估体系或许是论文造假猖獗的症结所在。
“In China, many academic institutions use the quantity of articles published by an academic as the standard of evaluation, which causes some research fellows to only chase the quantity instead of the quality of their study results,” Hu told the Global Times.
“在中国,不少学术机构将学者发表的文章数量视作评估标准,导致了一些研究同行只追求研究成果的数量而非质量,”胡星斗在接受《环球时报》采访时表示。
An unnamed doctor who has worked in Guangzhou for five years agreed with Hu.
一位已在广州工作五年的匿名医生对胡星斗的观点表示认同。
Under the current evaluation system, he needs to publish two papers and a research project to become an associate chief physician.
在现行的评估体系下,他需要发表两篇论文以及并完成一项研究课题,才能成为副主任医师。
“It is like a mission impossible. As a clinician, I work five days a week from dawn to dusk. This is a public hospital and I always work overtime. It would be extremely difficult for me to write papers,” he told Xinhua News Agency.
“这就像个不可能完成的任务。作为一名临床医生,我一周五天从早到晚都要工作。这是家公立医院,我经常要加班。要写论文对我来说简直比登天还难,”他在接受新华社采访时表示。
Hu suggested that to reduce academic dishonesty, Chinese academia should focus more on quality and make peer reviews public.
胡星斗建议,为减少学术失信,中国学界应当更多地关注(论文)质量,并将同行评议公诸于众。
In December, the National Natural Science Foundation of China disclosed several cases of scientific misconduct in an effort to reduce academic dishonesty.
去年12月,国家自然科学基金委员会披露了几宗科研不端案例,力图减少学术失信。
“There is no excuse in any case for academic fraud. Academic misconduct should be seriously dealt with,” Zhao Zijian, an expert working for China’s national “Thousand Talent” program, told Xinhua.
“任何情况都不构成学术造假的理由。学术不端应当被严肃处理,”我国“千人计划”特聘专家赵子健在接受新华社采访时表示。
21mr007娱乐站版权说明  (Translator & Editor: Wang Xingwei AND Luo Sitian)


以上文章内容选自《21世纪学生英文报高中版》,详情请见《21世纪学生英文报高中版》高一674期
辞海拾贝
References引用 Fake伪造的
Evaluation评估 Associate chief physician副主任医师
Mission任务 Clinician临床医生
Dusk黄昏 Disclosed揭露
Misconduct不端行为 Fraud造假


 
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